Native species play an essential role in maintaining the balance and biodiversity of an ecosystem. They have evolved over time in response to the specific conditions of their environment and have established relationships with other species within that ecosystem. These relationships form a complex web of interactions that help maintain the ecosystem's stability and functioning.
For example, native plant species support native insect populations, which in turn provide food for other wildlife. Native predators help to control populations of prey species, preventing any one species from becoming too abundant and disrupting the ecosystem. Additionally, native species also play a role in providing ecosystem services such as pollination, water filtration, and soil retention.
The loss of native species can negatively impact an ecosystem, including a decrease in biodiversity, changes to the food web, and increased susceptibility to invasive species. Conservation and protection of native species are therefore crucial for maintaining the health and stability of ecosystems, which in turn provides numerous benefits to humans, including clean air and water, stable food supplies, and aesthetic enjoyment of natural areas.